Clone in any ORF into any Electra vector in a single tube 5 min reaction.
Quickly move ORFs from MOTHER vector to multiple DAUGHTER vectors in parallel.
Scarless - ORFs are always in frame with no nucleotide scars.
Large selection of vectors for multiple hosts with fusions, bicistronic
expression, promoters, RBSs, and, more.
How Electra Works
Electra Protocols & Examples
PCR Primer Design
Cloning from pMother plasmids
Cloning from PCR products
Buy Electra kits
Electra Vector System®
One tube, Five Minutes, Any ORF
✔ 5 min
✔ 15 min
1 - 16 hours
ORF into multiple vectors
✔ Yes, Clean-up NOT required
Yes, Clean-up recommended
Yes, Clean-up required
Single Reagent Kit
Easy – 1 tube, 5 minute reaction
Universal – any ORF cloned into any Electra vector. Quickly move ORFs from MOTHER
vector to multiple DAUGHTER vectors
Scarless – always in frame with no nucleotide scars
Choice – Large selection of vectors for multiple hosts with fusions, bicistronic expression,
promoters, RBSs, and more
Convenient – clone your genes using the Electra Cloning kit, or have ATUM do the work for you
How Electra Works
ATUM has developed a simple, one-tube, universal cloning process that can be performed in a 5 minute bench-top reaction with the
fidelity of a restriction based cloning system. The Electra system uses the type IIS restriction enzyme SapI, which recognizes a
7bp non-palindromic recognition sequence and leaves a 3bp 5’ overhang after digestion. We have developed a collection of bacterial,
mammalian and yeast expression vectors that provide a quick and efficient way to test a gene of interest under control of various
elements and are available with optional C- and N-terminal tags and/or fusions. Any vector can be easily “Electra-fied” (converted
to function as an Electra vector), and ATUM will assist anyone who wishes to do so.
Efficient transfer of your ORF into multiple expression vectors with varying features using the ATUM Electra system. An ORF of
interest (Gene A) can be easily transferred from the mother vector (pMOTHER) into a range of DAUGHTER vectors (pDAUGHTERs).
DAUGHTER vectors are available in Bacterial, Mammalian and Yeast vectors with your choice of resistance markers, fluorescent
protein stuffers and C- and N-terminal tags and/or fusions.
Electra Protocol - PCR Primer Design
The Electra system uses the type IIS restriction enzyme SapI. SapI recognizes a 7bp non-palindromic recognition sequence and
cuts outside of the recognition sequence, leaving a 3bp 5′ overhang after digestion. ORFs in a pMOTHER vector can be excised
with SapI, resulting in ATG and GGT overhangs. Alternatively, PCR can be used to generate ORFs with the correct overhangs.
These ORFs can then be easily cloned into pDAUGHTER vectors, which are provided linearized with the corresponding
We recommend you add the following ends to your primers, as these contain the Electra sites to clone directly into
Electra vectors. Add 15-20 bp of your ORF to the 3′ primer end to amplify your ORF and have it compatible with any
of the Electra MOTHER or Electra DAUGHTER expression vectors.
Forward primer with ATG start codon on primer:
5′-TACACGTACTTAGTCGCTGAAGCTCTTCTATG….(ORF beginning after ATG start codon)….
A PCR mixture can be directly cloned into pMOTHER or pDAUGHTER vectors using the Electra reagents. However,
if your PCR reaction shows multiple bands by gel analysis, it is very likely that some fragments other than
your gene of interest will also contain SapI ends and may be cloned into your Electra vector. Additional
screening of colonies will be useful to identify clones containing your gene of interest.
Your ORF must NOT contain any SapI recognition sites, as the Electra cloning process utilizes the type IIs
Mother Vector DNA or PCR product (20 ng final)
Daughter Vector (20 ng final)
Electra Buffer Mix* (10X)
Electra Enzyme Mix* (20X)
*From the Electra Cloning Kit
Mother (pM) and Daughter (pD) vectors are available as linearized vectors, 10 Rx at ~20ng/µl
Combine components as listed in table above in a single 1.5ml tube. Note Daughter Vectors come pre-linearized from ATUM.
Incubate 5 – 20 minutes at room temperature.
Transform 2 µl of each reaction into competent cells*. Note cells used at ATUM are streptomycin resistant cell lines.
Plate onto LB plates with selection antibiotic alone, or with selection antibiotic and 100 µg/mL streptomycin
(Teknova #L1148 Kan+strep, Streptomycin resistant strain such as DH10B is recommended if using pMother with rpsL
counter-selection), or YEG plates with selection antibiotic and 16mM p-chloro-phenylalanine
(Teknova #Y5700 (Kan+chloro-phe) or #Y5705 (Amp+chloro-phe)).
Incubate overnight at 37°C.
ATUM has tested the Electra vectors in DH10B E. coli cells. We recommend the use of competent DH10B
cells for all Electra transformations.
Cloning from pMOTHER plasmids
To determine the time course and selectivity of a standard Electra reaction.
pMOTHER constructs: a yellow fluorescent protein gene (KringleYFP) was cloned into two pMOTHER vectors:
1. Reactions for the exchange of ORF from pMOTHER vectors to pDAUGHTER vector were set up in a single
1.5ml tube as described above. Reactions were incubated for 5, 10, 20, 40 or 60 minutes at room temperature.
2.5 µl of each reaction was transformed into 50 µl of NEB 10-beta Competent
E. coli and 100 µl of each transformation was plated onto LB Agar plates with
30 µg/mL kanamycin alone or with kanamycin and 100 µg/mL streptomycin or YEG
pM264-KringleYFP (rpsL/Amp) x pD441SR (high RBS/Kan)
pM268-KringleYFP (pheS/Amp) x pD441SR (high RBS/Kan)
Electra system cloning time course with E. coli pDAUGHTER expression vectors. A gene encoding KringleYFP was
cloned into an ampicillin-resistant pMOTHER vector with an rpsL counter-selection gene (pMOTHER264, left panel) or a
PheS counter-selection gene (pMOTHER268, right panel). The pMOTHER vectors were mixed with a pre-linearized E. coli
pDAUGHTER expression vector with inducible T5 promoter (pDAUGHTER441-SR) in the presence of SapI, T4 DNA ligase and ATP.
Reaction mixtures were transformed into E. coli NEB 10-beta Competent E. coli cells after various reaction
times, and plated onto nutrient agar with kanamycin (blue lines) or kanamycin plus MOTHER counter-selection agent (red lines).
DAUGHTER constructs are selected because MOTHER and DAUGHTER vectors use different antibiotic resistance markers.
Since MOTHER and DAUGHTER are present in the transformation mixture, a small fraction (<5%) of the cells transformed with a
DAUGHTER construct will also take up and maintain the MOTHER construct. MOTHER vectors therefore also carry a counter-selection
marker, either rpsL (streptomycin sensitivity) or PheS (phenylalanine analog p-chlorophenylalanine sensitivity). Plating
transformants onto media that contains both DAUGHTER selection antibiotic and MOTHER counter-selection agent reduces (rpsL) or
completely eliminates (PheS) this small number of transformants that also carry the MOTHER.
Cloning from PCR products
To determine if it is possible to clone a PCR product without any prior treatment or cleanup, into a pDAUGHTER vector
using the Electra one tube reaction approach described above.
A yellow fluorescent protein (KringleYFP) was amplified by PCR using primers:
5 µl of each reaction was run on a 1% agarose-TBE gel. A strong and clean amplicon running at
750 bp was observed with an estimated concentration of 100ng/µl.
Electra cloning of PCR product into a pDAUGHTER vector was carried out as a one tube reaction using
20 ng of linearized pDAUGHTER vector, 200 ng of PCR reaction and incubation time of 5 minutes at room
2.5 µl of each reaction was transformed into 50 µl of NEB 10-beta Competent E. coli
and 100 µl of each transformation was plated.
We observed thousands of yellow colonies and fewer than 5% white colonies (with no insert). The results demonstrate
that crude PCR product can be cloned into a pDAUGHTER vector in 5 minutes at room temperature without any PCR reaction
treatment or cleanup. It will therefore be possible to PCR amplify a gene of interest and efficiently clone the PCR
product into any DAUGHTER vector. PCR allows for efficient transfer of an open reading frame of interest into a variety
of host expression systems using the Electra cloning system and ATUM’s DAUGHTER expression vectors.
Electra Reagents Kit
The Electra Reagents Kit contains all necessary components to facilitate cloning a gene from a pMOTHER vector
or a PCR product into an Electra pMOTHER or pDAUGHTER expression vector.
Supplied as a 10X mix, to be diluted to 1X in the final reaction mix.
Electra Enzyme Mix:
Supplied as a 20X mix, to be diluted to 1X in the final reaction mix. The mix contains SapI and T4 ligase, and
is formulated for optimal cloning efficiency.
A mix of pMOTHER vectors with a Tet promoter and a yellow fluorescent protein
(KringleYFP) for Electra expression
pDAUGHTER vectors, and a Tet promoter with a green fluorescent protein
(DasherGFP) for Cas9 Electra pDAUGHTER
vectors. It allows monitoring of the transfer of KringleYFP or DasherGFP into a pDAUGHTER expression vector and is
seen as yellow or green colonies when plated with selection antibiotic.
The Electra technology is covered by issued US patent 9,206,433 and related pending applications.
Learn more about the Electra Vector System and how it can benefit your research with this webinar featuring Medini Gore, Electra Project Manager.